Wine making is an ancient art -- probably more ancient than most people realize. In Godin Tepe, Iran, for example, ancient pottery has been discovered that dates back to before the Bronze Age (c. 3500-2900 BC), and chemical testing has proven that the pottery contained wine.
This is even more interesting when you know that grapes were not grown in the region where the pottery was discovered, so it is very likely that the wine was a trading commodity. Godin was located on the Silk Road from China to the Mediterranean and the Mediterranean is the most likely source of the wine.
It is a well-known and well-established fact that grapes were grown in Egypt around 3000 BC. Other pottery finds have been pretty well established through chemical analysis that wine was a trading commodity that long ago.
Of course, wine and wine making has evolved over the millenniums. The wine on the shelves of your local supermarket or liquor store is certainly made much differently (and probably under much more sanitary conditions) than the wine that was being made 5,000 years ago. But, it is still wine, and the basis of the wine has not ever changed. Grapes!
Wine can be made from fruits other than grapes, but the process is the same, and the best wines are still made from the best grapes in the world -- and that debate rages on! Which grapes are the best grapes, and which regions can grow the best grapes? The differences in opinion on these questions is what keeps the industry thriving.
Poems have been written and songs have been sung about the wonderful world of wine. Wine is the most romantic of all drinks, and probably always will be because of its long and storied history.